Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) is a chest and respiratory compression technique aimed at people whose heart rate or breathing is stalled. Conditions commonly encountered by people who drown or have a heart attack.
The cessation of the heart rate affects oxygenated blood to the brain and other vital organs. It can be cruel brain damage that can awake a person in a matter of minutes. By using CPR, oxygenated blood can return to the brain and the entire body.
Civilian Can Do CPR
Not only doctors or paramedic can use CPR techniques to save a person’s life.
The CPR assessment technique generally consists of three steps:
The first step: Chest Compression
How it works by lying a person’s body on a hard surface. Then you can kneel beside the man’s neck and shoulders. Place one palm of your hand over the middle of the chest, exactly between the nipples, and place your second palm above the first hand. Make sure your elbow position is straight and shoulders are just above.
After that, you can begin to appreciate the chest as deep as approximately 5-6 cm by 30 times, with the speed of one by two pressure per second. When pressed, feel the use of your upper body, do not just rely on the strength of the arm, so that the resulting pressure is stronger.
Then the check was already visible signs he was breathing or moving. If not, you can give artificial breath if you feel competent or you can continue the process of chest compression only until the medical personnel comes with a speed of 100-120 chest compressions per minute.
Like a layman, you can provide CPR in this way only. However, if you have been trained or have attended CPR training, you can continue the next step.
Step two: Open the airway
After the chest coup is over, the next step is to open the airway by raising your head, then place your palms on his forehead. Then lift his chin manually to open the airway.
You can check whether he can breathe normally or not by looking at his chest movements and bringing your ears and cheeks to his nose and mouth. If he has not been able to breathe normally, you can move on to the third step.
Step three: Breathe from mouth to mouth
With your head tilted and your chin up, you can provide artificial respiration, with your notes trained. How to give it is to pinch the nose, then place your mouth into his mouth. Give him breath or air from your mouth for a second then look at his chest is like breathing or not. If not, sample a second breath in the same way.
After that, repeat the chest compress process 30 times followed by two times giving artificial breath. This process is considered as one cycle.
If the person cannot breathe in five cycles, you could have CPR until there is movement and the arrival of medical personnel.
This technique can be applied to adults and adolescents who are unconscious. Giving CPR to infants and children is different from those described above.
Tips Before doing CPR
Before giving CPR, make sure the person is completely unconscious. You can try to call a name or shake your body. Do not move it or shake the contents out loud because you do not know whether any part of the bone is fractured, broken, or injured. You can also shout, “are you okay?” If he or she does not respond, contact medical personnel immediately and do CPR until help arrives.
Like a layman, you must be afraid of doing the first sickness for someone. But you better not do anything. Remember, your courageous steps to deliver CPR can save a person’s life.
Source: American Heart Association, Alodokter