Wisdom teeth are the third molars that appear at the age of 17 to 24 years. Because the molars are part of the last growing teeth, the impaction case often occurs in the molars. Especially wisdom teeth. The most common problem of wisdom teeth is impaction.
Impaction occurs when the teeth do not grow perfectly, impaction can also occur due to a mismatch between the size of the jaw and the size of the tooth. Impaction on the molars may cause swollen gums accompanied by pain. This happens because, on the wisdom teeth that are impacted, germs can accumulate and causing the infection.
x-ray of wisdom tooth impactionOther complications that can be caused by the impact of wisdom teeth are:
- Damage to other teeth. If the wisdom tooth pushes against the second molar, it may damage the second molar or increase the risk of infection in that area. This pressure can also cause problems with crowding of the other teeth or require orthodontic treatment to straighten other teeth.
- Cysts. The wisdom tooth develops in a sac within the jawbone. The sac can fill with fluid, forming a cyst that can damage the jawbone, teeth, and nerves. Rarely, a tumor — usually noncancerous (benign) — develops. This complication may require removal of tissue and bone.
- Decay. Partially impacted wisdom teeth appear to be at higher risk of tooth decay (caries) than other teeth. This probably occurs because wisdom teeth are harder to clean and because food and bacteria get easily trapped between the gum and a partially erupted tooth.
- Gum disease. The difficulty cleaning impacted, partially erupted wisdom teeth increases the risk of developing a painful, inflammatory gum condition called pericoronitis in that area.
Tooth extraction is the best solution for dealing with dental impaction through oral and oral surgery or in medical terms known as Odontectomy by Dental Surgeon.
Hopefully, this article can be useful.
Source : WebMD, Alodokter, Hellosehat