The eye is one of the most vital organs for human beings. About 80% of the information we receive comes from the eyes. Therefore it is important to maintain eye health while still a child. Parents should pay more attention to the condition of children because early childhood can not understand the health problems they experienced. Here are the visual disturbances that are often experienced by young children:
This disorder is caused by an abnormal shape of the eye that causes the occurrence of wrong bias and causes the view to be blurred. These eye disorders can be nearsighted, nearsightedness, and cylinders. Genetic factors and bad habits are the contributing factors. Symptoms that are often shown by people with refractive disorders are often squinting when looking at objects from a distance or near.
Amblyopia or lazy eyes
Amblyopia disorders are caused by various factors that cause the brain to only process visual information from a dominant eye. As a result, the child has a disturbance in the development of his vision. Even children can lose sight permanently if not handled immediately. Be careful if both eyes do not move at the same time, the child tends to tilt his head to see something, and has the eyelid down.
Strabismus or cross-eyed
The eye condition of the squint is usually not in a parallel position. If left untreated this eye disorder can cause amblyopia. There are several forms of strabismus symptoms:
- Esotropia ie one or both eyes pointing to the nose.
- Exotropia ie one or both eyes pointing out.
- Hypertrophy ie one or both eyes staring upward.
- Hypothropia, the opposite of hypertropia.
Toddlers may develop congenital cataracts caused by mothers infected with the virus while they are pregnant. The baby’s eyes look muddy, looking like a white layer covering his pupils. As a result, your baby can not see clearly. This disease can be detected since infancy and can be overcome by surgery.
Conjunctivitis or red eyes.
Occurs because of an infection of the external eye membrane (conjuctiva), which is a transparent membrane that restricts the petals with the eyeball. When it occurs in infants called neonatal conjunctivitis caused by bacterial infection in the birth canal (in normal-born infants). Besides being caused by bacteria, conjunctivitis can also be caused by allergic reactions (allergic conjunctivitis) and virus (Adenovirus).
This disorder is genetic. There are 2 types of color blindness, the partial color blindness (can not distinguish red-green or yellow-blue), as well as total color blindness (can not see color). There is also aquired or acquired color blindness (not genetic), ie when children take certain medications, such as drugs for malaria and tuberculosis, for a long time.
Immediately consult a doctor if your child shows symptoms of abnormalities in his vision.