Miscarriage is the loss of the fetus before the 20th week of pregnancy. The medical term for a miscarriage is a spontaneous abortion.
More than 80% of miscarriages occur in the first trimester of pregnancy.
WHAT CAUSE OF MISCARRIAGE?
The reasons for miscarriage vary, and most often the cause can not be identified. During the first trimester, the most common cause of miscarriage is chromosomal abnormalities. Most chromosomal abnormalities are the cause of damaged eggs or sperm or errors during the process of the zygote division.
Other causes of miscarriage include:
- Medical conditions in the mother, such as diabetes or thyroid disease
- Hormone Problems
- Immune system response
- Maternal physical problems
- Uterine disorders
- Excessive caffeine consumption (> 200 mg)
A woman has a higher risk of miscarriage if she :
- Over 35 years
- Have certain diseases, such as diabetes or thyroid problems
- Have experienced three or more miscarriages
- Active or passive smokers
Cervical Insufficiency : Miscarriage sometimes occurs because of cervical weakness, so it can not withstand the pregnancy that usually occurs in the second trimester.
WHAT ARE THE SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF MISCARRIAGE?
If you experience some of the following symptoms, immediately consult yourself at the health facility as soon as possible:
- Back pain is mild to severe (often worse than normal menstrual cramps)
- Weight loss
- Mucus is white-pink
- A very painful contraction of the uterus occurs every 5-20 minutes
- Bleeding red or light with or without cramps (20-30% of all pregnancies can bleed early in pregnancy, with about 50% of them producing a normal pregnancy)
- The release of tissue or blood clots from the vagina
- A sudden loss of signs of pregnancy
HOW TO PREVENT MISCARRIAGE?
Since the cause of most miscarriages is due to chromosomal abnormalities, not much can be done to prevent them. One important step is to live a healthy lifestyle that you can do before becoming pregnant to provide a healthy atmosphere for the conception to occur.
- Exercise regularly
- Eat healthily
- Manage stress
- Maintain weight within healthy limits
- Drink folic acid every day
- Do not smoke/avoid smokers
In pregnant women, the action that can be taken to provide a healthy environment for the developing fetus is by:
- Keep your stomach safe
- Do not smoke or be around cigarette smoke
- Do not drink alcohol
- Limit or remove caffeine
- Avoid environmental hazards such as radiation, infectious diseases, and
- harmful chemicals
- Avoid sports or contact activities that are at risk of injury
- Check with your obstetrician
May this article be useful.
Source: American Pregnancy Association, WebMD